Research aids in hunt for economically important ore deposits

Including diamonds

Research aids in hunt for economically important ore depositsA new study sheds light on a fundamental mechanism of how Earth’s continental plates heal, with implications for diamond exploration and locating economically important minerals. “Cratons are the oldest stable continental land masses on Earth and are widely known as repositories for diamonds and metals of economic importance,” said Jingao Liu, lead author and visiting…

Innovative cancer therapy uses immune system to attack tumours

Re-engineers your immune system to target and attack cancer growing in your body

Innovative cancer therapy uses immune system to attack tumoursImagine if you could re-engineer your immune system to target and attack cancer growing in your body. A new clinical trial led by a clinician researcher at the University of Alberta is doing just that. Michael Chu, an assistant professor of oncology in the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, is leading a project to manufacture and…

Going digital a business investment that needs to be made

U of A students providing free support to hundreds of business owners looking to create an online presence

Going digital a business investment that needs to be madeWhile Paige Lutz didn’t know what she wanted to do when she joined the Alberta School of Business four years ago, she certainly didn’t foresee herself balancing the final classes of her degree with a University of Alberta-linked job she loves, helping traditional bricks-and-mortar businesses make the jump to virtual. “The fact that I’ve landed…

U of A rises 20 spots in global ranking of top universities

Quality of faculty members and research performance bolster best-ever showing in latest CWUR rankings

U of A rises 20 spots in global ranking of top universitiesThe University of Alberta struck deep into the top 100 of a leading ranking of the world’s top universities, thanks to the quality of the school’s faculty and their research. According to the Center for World University Rankings (CWUR) World University Rankings 2021-22, the U of A sits 81st in the world – up 20 spots…

Virtual U School makes a big impression on young students

The program gives students in Grades 4 to 9 a week-long exposure to life on campus

Virtual U School makes a big impression on young studentsThere isn’t usually a chorus of sad students saying “Noooooo!” on the last day of class, but University of Alberta U School organizer Michaela Mann was thrilled when she heard it last fall. That reaction to the end of their class showed just how much the youngsters loved the program, despite having to go virtual during the…

Artificial intelligence may help diagnose depression more accurately

Artificial intelligence may help diagnose depression more accuratelyA new University of Alberta project aims to develop an artificial intelligence-based screening tool to help doctors diagnose depression more precisely. Depression affects millions of Canadians. It can affect quality of life, damage relationships, lower productivity and lead to suicide. A proper diagnosis is key to effective treatment, but making a precise diagnosis can be…

U of A is the world’s 64th most sustainable university

Ranking acknowledges what the university has been doing and how it has been contributing to sustainability

U of A is the world’s 64th most sustainable universityThe University of Alberta has been named one of the world’s top 100 most sustainable post-secondary institutions for its ongoing efforts creating sustainability on campus and in the local and global community. According to the third annual Times Higher Education (THE) Impact Ranking, which lists participating universities by their contribution to a list of 17…

Study sheds new light on how huge carnivorous dinosaurs moved

International study sheds new light on how the huge carnivorous dinosaurs moved, based on fossil evidence of their footprints

Study sheds new light on how huge carnivorous dinosaurs movedNew research by an international team including paleontologists at the University of Alberta and the Philip J. Currie Dinosaur Museum has revealed evidence that juvenile tyrannosaurs were more trim and slender-bodied than their multi-tonne elders, a difference that may have helped them pursue fast-moving prey. “The results suggest that as some tyrannosaurs grew older and…

Study sheds new light on how huge carnivorous dinosaurs moved

International study sheds new light on how the huge carnivorous dinosaurs moved, based on fossil evidence of their footprints

Study sheds new light on how huge carnivorous dinosaurs movedNew research by an international team including paleontologists at the University of Alberta and the Philip J. Currie Dinosaur Museum has revealed evidence that juvenile tyrannosaurs were more trim and slender-bodied than their multi-tonne elders, a difference that may have helped them pursue fast-moving prey. “The results suggest that as some tyrannosaurs grew older and…

New self-assessment tool helps pregnant women exercise safely

New self-assessment tool helps pregnant women exercise safelyPregnant women can now easily and quickly determine whether they should be exercising, thanks to a new one-of-a-kind tool developed in collaboration with researchers at the University of Alberta. The Get Active Questionnaire for Pregnancy, newly published by the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology, guides pregnant individuals through a series of yes/no questions to confirm…

Link found between food allergies, caesareans, mother’s ethnicity

Link found between food allergies, caesareans, mother’s ethnicityResearchers have found a causal link between caesarean section birth, low intestinal microbiota and peanut sensitivity in infants. They report the effect is more pronounced in children of Asian descent than others in a recently published paper in the journal of the American Gastroenterological Association. “It’s important to know what predicts or increases (the) risk of…

Snake jaw structure yields new understanding of evolutionary origins

Study re-examining what early snakes might have looked like

Snake jaw structure yields new understanding of evolutionary originsNew research led by a University of Alberta graduate student could lead to reimagining what early snakes might have looked like, suggesting that some of the world’s supposedly simplest snakes have a more complex evolutionary history than traditionally thought. Snakes are broadly divided into two groups based on their feeding mechanisms: macrostomatan snakes, able to…

Fitness program encourages kids with heart disease to train safely at home

Cardiologists, computing scientists team up to build video game-based MedBIKE fitness program for pediatric heart patients

Fitness program encourages kids with heart disease to train safely at homeZacharie Biollo, 16, was born with a ventricle missing in his heart and had three life-saving surgeries by the time he was three years old. As he grew up, his parents encouraged him to get involved in sports such as soccer and karate, but he found he ran out of breath faster than some other…

Innovative syringe detects potentially lethal fentanyl overdose

Potentially life-saving product wins Telus Innovation Challenge's $100,000 first prize

Innovative syringe detects potentially lethal fentanyl overdoseA group of University of Alberta science students won $100,000 to help turn a brainstorming session about what could have helped family members avoid a fentanyl overdose into a street-ready solution that will ultimately be a lifeline for those who struggle with addiction. “We’ve witnessed addiction and overdose in our families, so we were talking…

Muscle wasting syndrome cause of many cancer-related deaths

Project delves into how one growth hormone contributes to the problem and whether drugs can stop it

Muscle wasting syndrome cause of many cancer-related deathsResearchers are looking for ways to prevent or slow cachexia, a muscle-wasting syndrome thought to cause up to a third of the 80,000 deaths related to cancer every year in Canada. By understanding the role of activin A, a growth factor that contributes to muscle wasting, the team hopes their lab research will eventually help…

Students get virtual taste of real-world life on the farm

With help from Alberta farmers, an online animal science course is giving U of A students an inside look at the agricultural industry

Students get virtual taste of real-world life on the farmOnline classes during COVID-19 can feel a bit distant. But add in 48 farmers and a real-time calf birth, and things perk up considerably. That vivid minute-by-minute experience of watching a Black Angus cow give birth was a matter of lucky timing as Jesse Emery gave University of Alberta animal science students a virtual walking…

Dentists see more fractured teeth during pandemic

Dental offices are safe, says U of A periodontist who urges people not to put off appointments that would prevent problems

Dentists see more fractured teeth during pandemicDental issues such as broken and fractured teeth are on the rise as COVID-19 pandemic stress continues to affect our lives. Dentists at the University of Alberta’s School of Dentistry Oral Health Clinic are warning patients that postponing treatment will only escalate the problem. “It’s a very stressful time, and we are grinding and clenching our teeth…

Face-to-face conferences a luxury the planet can no longer afford

Covid-19 has proven the feasibility of online conferences. But as we emerge from the pandemic, will we slip back into our old ways?

Face-to-face conferences a luxury the planet can no longer affordAs a conference co-ordinator, Oliver Rossier couldn’t believe the sheer waste of time, money and carbon it took to fly an international scholar to Edmonton for a one-hour lecture. “I tried to set up workshops with graduate students and other researchers the following day, but he had to get on a plane right after his…

More nuanced approach urged in deciding who gets COVID-19 vaccine

Job site and neighbourhood risks should be taken into account when setting priorities, experts argue

More nuanced approach urged in deciding who gets COVID-19 vaccineIt's time for a more nuanced approach to prioritizing COVID-19 vaccinations as more contagious variants become prevalent and a third wave of infections threatens to overwhelm hospitals in some provinces, according to an analysis published recently in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. “It’s time to move the debate away from age and medical risk factors,” said lead author…

Safer source of islet cells targeted for people with Type 1 diabetes

U of A researchers are harnessing AI to analyze patients’ own cells to create islet cells for transplant

Safer source of islet cells targeted for people with Type 1 diabetesUniversity of Alberta researchers are harnessing the power of artificial intelligence to find a safer, more personalized source of islet cells to treat Type 1 diabetes. The research project, a collaboration between the departments of surgery and computing science, aims to use AI to analyze images to speed up the process and reduce the need for human decision-making…

Plaque-fighting protein decreases changes of developing Alzheimer’s

University of Alberta research highlights potential pathway for new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases

Plaque-fighting protein decreases changes of developing Alzheimer’sScientists at the University of Alberta have identified a mechanism for a protein that decreases the chance of developing Alzheimer’s disease – a discovery that highlights a new potential avenue for developing therapeutic treatments. The protein, called CD33, is known for its connection to Alzheimer’s disease susceptibility, but its exact role was unclear until now.…

Tackle heart disease in people with Type 2 diabetes

U of A pharmacy researcher looks for ways to correct a common but often hidden type of diabetes-related heart failure

Tackle heart disease in people with Type 2 diabetesA University of Alberta laboratory has uncovered a new approach to preventing heart failure in people with Type 2 diabetes, according to research findings published recently in the journal Cell Reports. “We know people with diabetes take drugs for years to control their blood sugars, but the drugs don’t cure their diabetes,” said lead author John Ussher, associate…

Tackling heart disease in people with Type 2 diabetes

U of A pharmacy researcher looks for ways to correct a common but often hidden type of diabetes-related heart failure

Tackling heart disease in people with Type 2 diabetesA University of Alberta laboratory has uncovered a new approach to preventing heart failure in people with Type 2 diabetes, according to research findings published recently in the journal Cell Reports. “We know people with diabetes take drugs for years to control their blood sugars, but the drugs don’t cure their diabetes,” said lead author John Ussher, associate…

Project to create jet fuel from biowaste gets federal funding boost

Innovative research could provide a supply of renewable fuel

Project to create jet fuel from biowaste gets federal funding boostA potentially huge industrial project to create jet fuel from biowaste has received a $2.89-million funding boost from Natural Resources Canada. The investment, which includes $1.99 million in direct funding and $900,000 in in-kind contributions, will go toward setting up an advanced fuel-testing suite in lead researcher David Bressler’s lab and will also support the work of several…

Protein that blocks body’s ability to clear bad cholesterol identified

Researchers are now looking to develop a drug that will boost existing statin drugs to prevent heart disease

Protein that blocks body’s ability to clear bad cholesterol identifiedA team of researchers at the University of Alberta has uncovered a long-sought link in the battle to control cholesterol and heart disease. The protein that interferes with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors that clear ‘bad’ cholesterol from the blood was identified in findings recently published in Nature Communications by Dawei Zhang, associate professor of pediatrics in the Faculty…

Alberta not-for-profit runs cancer clinical trials around the world

Building on game-changing breast cancer trials, TRIO now testing drugs for breast, lung, ovarian, liver and gastrointestinal cancer

Alberta not-for-profit runs cancer clinical trials around the worldA not-for-profit research group with University of Alberta roots is quietly taking its place in the major leagues of global cancer drug testing. When promising new cancer treatments are ready for trial in humans, researchers from around the world turn to Edmonton-based TRIO (Translational Research in Oncology) to run their clinical trials. “It may seem like…

AI-based tool can detect bipolar disorder at earlier stages

New machine learning model spots subtle early signs, making it possible for psychiatrists to treat people sooner before symptoms get worse

AI-based tool can detect bipolar disorder at earlier stagesMany people with early-stage or first-episode bipolar disorder have cognitive deficits, such as issues with visual processing and spatial memory, but those deficits are often so subtle that the disorder can go undiagnosed for years. That could change thanks to researchers who have created a machine learning model that helps identify these subtle deficits with…

‘Car choir’ puts an inventive spin on live concerts during pandemic

U of A choral director conducts live performances in a parking lot, with singers performing from the safety of their cars

In a year when in-person concerts have been next to impossible, U of A choral director Tim Shantz has found a way for the university’s Madrigal Singers to perform live before an audience. And it doesn’t involve Zoom. Gathered in a parking lot, the members of his choir sing into microphones from their cars – all safely contained in…

Governments taking cautious approach to cannabis marketing

Marketing after legalization suggests most provinces are seeking to distance cannabis from existing alcohol and gaming brands

Governments taking cautious approach to cannabis marketingThe provinces have been largely ambivalent to the sale of cannabis and even appear to employ a “demarketing” strategy, according to a University of Alberta look at the branding behind legalization that also showed flexible public policy can be beneficial in times of uncertainty. “Our initial expectation was that governments would be competing fairly effectively…

Pediatric heart transplant method allows for better outcomes

Blood-type-incompatible heart transplant surgery for infants under the age of two pioneered in Canada, now used worldwide

Pediatric heart transplant method allows for better outcomesA pediatric heart transplant procedure pioneered by Canadian doctors – once deemed impossible – has been shown to be at least as effective as the traditional approach, according to newly published research in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health. ABO-incompatible heart transplantation was developed in the mid-1990s, after a Canadian transplant team led by Lori West realized that infants…
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